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Framing

FRAMING

Framing, is an essential skill of new construction and remodeling projects. Pressure treated lumber is by far the most popular construction framing material because it’s readily available, easy to work with, and comparatively less expensive than other framing materials. Materials such as steel, brick and concrete are also used to frame. These materials can support more weight than wood framing, but are generally costlier and require skilled professionals and special equipment.

Framing

FRAMING

Framing, is an essential skill of new construction and remodeling projects. Pressure treated lumber is by far the most popular construction framing material because it’s readily available, easy to work with, and comparatively less expensive than other framing materials. Materials such as steel, brick and concrete are also used to frame. These materials can support more weight than wood framing, but are generally costlier and require skilled professionals and special equipment.

Framing

PLANNING

Always check local building and fire codes, Incorrect framing or the use of the wrong materials will have a dramatic effect on the structural integrity and cause potentially dangerous situations. Ensure that you file and properly display any required building permits. All work that is completed under a permit will require an inspection, it is the responsibility of the project manager to schedule this, and any work that does not meet code can be required to be ripped out. Any work that is completed illegally (without a permit,) can invalidate your homeowner’s or property insurance.

Framing pieces are at their strongest form only when connected to the other framing pieces. For example, framed walls are unstable, until a second floor subfloor (or roof) properly attached to the framing members. Ensure that you always brace walls during the framing process, this will prevent shifting, and reduce the time of the project.

It is important that you always frame your walls plumb, level and square. As a crooked frame causes crooked walls. To ensure proper framing, check each wall with a string at varying heights and corner to corner. Replace or adjust any piece that is warped or out of line. It is also important to verify that the floors are level, repair them if they are not.

In residential construction, the subfloor sets on the foundation walls and functions as a platform for the wall framing. Ensure that you use ground contact and fire retardant pressure treated wood, as this will increase the life of the overall house or project.
Post-and-Beam Framing utilizes notched sill beams, that run on top of the foundation. Subfloor joists are set in the beam notches and a series of long vertical posts are set 6′ to 8′ apart and notched to support a second-floor subfloor plate.

Some tools you will need
for framing are:

  • Framing square
  • Speed square
  • Framing hammer (20 oz)
  • Carpenter’s level
  • Chalk line
  • 25 ft. tape measure
  • Plumb bob
  • Sledgehammer
  • Circular saw
  • Reciprocating saw
  • Ladders
  • Scaffolding

If the nails are driven too far into the wood, it will cause the framing piece to lose strength, it is suggested that you rent a pneumatic nail gun from a local hardware store, ($160/week). A nail gun ensures that the nails are at the proper depth and can decrease the time spent on a framing project.

framing

HOW TO FRAME

If you are building from a concrete foundation, ensure that you create a sill with ground contact rated pressure treated wood. Whether you are building a wall on subfloor or a concrete foundation, measure and mark a straight line (were the wall will be,) with chalk line. Ensure the corners have a 90-degree angle by using a speed or framing square. If it is a large project, use the 3-4-5 method or Pythagorean Theorem (a2+b2=c2).

Stack the wall studs directly over the floor joists, to do this, always measure from the same direction, wall studs are normally placed 16” on center. Use a square to transfer the markings to multiple plates.

Mark the door opening in the wall, include any marking for jack and king studs.

Measure and cut the jack studs at 81”, this is for a 6’8” tall door.

Arrange the top and bottom plates, with the wall studs on the floor. Place any crowns in the wall stud up when building walls. Build corner blocks by placing two studs together (in the shape of an L,) and nail together. Once everything is arranged and in place, nail the framing pieces together. Ensure that you use two nails through the plate and into the wall stud, this will keep the studs from shifting once the completed framing member is stood up and mounted to the subfloor or foundation.

Use two full length studs next to an intersecting wall to allow room for trim. The studs are not even with each other, just toe nail the high stud to the low stud. If you have measured the pieces correctly, your jack studs will fit snuggly under the header. Whenever possible nail through the king stud to the header.

Lift the wall into place, (wall can be heavy so make sure you have help). Line up the wall with the chalk line on the floor, and nail the wall into the floor joists below. Finish by plumbing the wall with a level, and nailing it to intersecting walls.

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